History organization

What are vector-borne diseases? Here are the symptoms, the story in numbers

As Kerala witnesses a third outbreak of the Nipah virus, Uttar Pradesh is plagued by a mysterious dengue-type fever that has killed at least 100 people, mostly children, in recent weeks.

Mumbai is also seeing an increase in dengue cases compared to last year: 129 in 2020 to 138 in the last eight months of 2021. As for malaria, 3,338 cases have been reported in the financial capital so far. to August 29 of this year. As new cases of dengue and malaria increase amid the Covid-19 pandemic, here’s a look at the top mosquito-borne diseases in numbers.

What are vector-borne diseases? Human diseases caused by parasites, viruses and bacteria transmitted by vectors, according to the World Health Organization. These diseases account for over 17% of all infectious diseases, causing more than seven lakhs of deaths worldwide each year.

Many of these vectors are blood-sucking insects, which take up pathogenic microorganisms during a blood meal from an infected host (human or animal) and later transmit it to a new host. When a vector becomes infectious, it is able to transmit the pathogen for the rest of its life with each subsequent bite / blood meal.

Mosquitoes are just one type of vectors, which cause diseases such as malaria, dengue chikungunya, etc. ), sand flies (sand flies), ticks (Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever), triatomines (Chagas disease) and tsetse (sleeping sickness).


Dear reader,

Business Standard has always strived to provide up-to-date information and commentary on developments that matter to you and have broader political and economic implications for the country and the world. Your encouragement and constant feedback on how to improve our offering has only strengthened our resolve and commitment to these ideals. Even in these difficult times resulting from Covid-19, we remain committed to keeping you informed and updated with credible news, authoritative views and cutting-edge commentary on relevant current issues.
However, we have a demand.

As we fight the economic impact of the pandemic, we need your support even more so that we can continue to provide you with more quality content. Our subscription model has received an encouraging response from many of you who have subscribed to our online content. More subscriptions to our online content can only help us achieve the goals of providing you with even better and more relevant content. We believe in free, fair and credible journalism. Your support through more subscriptions can help us practice the journalism to which we are committed.

Support quality journalism and subscribe to Business Standard.

Digital editor

Source link

Rodney N.

The author Rodney N.