Major donors and partners of the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) include the Red Cross Societies and the governments of Belgium, Great Britain, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, New Zealand, Norway, Republic of Korea, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland, as well as DG ECHO and Blizzard Entertainment, the Mondelez International Foundation and Fortive Corporation and other corporate and private donors.
The IFRC, on behalf of the Iraqi Red Crescent Society, wishes to express its thanks to all for their generous contributions.
A. ANALYSIS OF THE SITUATION
Description of the disaster
Suicide bombings have become relatively rare in the Iraqi capital after years of deadly sectarian violence. On Thursday, January 21, 2021, two suicide bombers detonated their explosives in a busy shopping street in the heart of Baghdad Al Tayaran Square, in the Bab al-Shaqi district. The first suicide bomber burst into the market, pretending to be sick, so people would gather around him, then detonated his explosives. After the first explosion, people began to treat the victims and the injured. According to the ministry statement, a second assailant then struck and detonated his device. At least 32 people were killed and 110 injured as a result of these attacks. The Directorate of Victims of Terrorism and the Directorate of Health in Baghdad confirmed the dead and injured. Iraqi government emergency personnel arrived at the scene to assist the victims. The injured were transferred to Al-Kindi Hospital, Sheikh Zayed Hospital and Gross Neurological Hospital.
More than a hundred people were affected indirectly due to the disruption of their livelihoods. They were day laborers, buyers and traders. It is Baghdad’s biggest suicide bombing in the past three years.
Summary of current responses
Overview of the Host National Society
The IRCS responded immediately after the explosions to provide life-saving care and deployed its emergency medical teams. The IRCS set up triage and first aid posts to ensure those with non-critical injuries could be treated and comforted, while ambulances from the Ministry of Health and Civil Defense transported the most seriously injured survivors to hospitals. The IRCS deployed emergency medical teams and a fleet of seven ambulances to the site of the blast, where nine staff members and seven trained volunteers were involved in response activities, to provide any potential support to the Department of Health to transfer casualties and provide first aid at triage stations. Government authorities immediately transported those affected to hospitals and first aid was provided at Al-Kindi Hospital, Sheikh Zayed Hospital and Gross Neurological Hospital. The national headquarters of the IRCS mobilized its local branches, staff and volunteers to reach the affected families based on a list provided by the relevant government authorities in various governorates. The Directorate of Victims of Terrorism and the Directorate of Health in Baghdad have been established and information on those affected has been collected.
Overview of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement in the country
The IRCS has a long history of collaboration with the IFRC and other Movement partners in the implementation of various programmes. The IRCS national headquarters collaborated with the IFRC delegation in Baghdad and provided weekly updates on Operation DREF. Operation DREF was launched after coordination and consultation with Movement partners in the country. The ICRC, the German, Norwegian, Danish, Turkish, Qatari and Swedish National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies are among the Movement’s partners in Iraq. Following the explosions, the IFRC delegation to Iraq worked with IRCS management and technical departments, as well as the IFRC MENA regional delegation, to share information on the operation’s activities and to provide technical support to the National Society in the development of the DREF operation. The ICRC has supported the IRCS as a core partner in its development and operations, emphasizing the “Safer Access” approach which promotes safer access to people affected by conflict and other situations. of violence, while minimizing risks to staff and volunteers.
Overview of non-RCRC actors in the country
Local authorities dispatched police, military and rescue teams to the scene. The Ministry of Health and Civil Defense supported the evacuation and transportation to hospitals. According to the IRCS team’s initial observations and assessment, no such support has been extended by any government authority to the families of the victims.