Former Greenpeace member Steven Guilbeault will take over as environment minister and a new defense minister has been appointed.
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau unveiled his third cabinet since his first term in 2015, replacing the Minister of Defense and Minister of the Environment as his Liberal government seeks to emerge from the coronavirus pandemic, improve its environmental record and to push back the political challenges of rival parties.
In Canada’s last national election last month, the Liberals won 159 out of 338 seats in the House of Commons, meaning they need the support of another party to pass legislation.
The left-wing New Democratic Party (NDP) and the Bloc QuÃ©bÃ©cois, which presents candidates only in the French-speaking province of Quebec, should be possible legislative partners for the Liberals.
Trudeau said on Twitter on Tuesday that the new cabinet “will end the fight against COVID-19, make housing more affordable, fight climate change, create good jobs, take the path of reconciliation and build a better future for all” .
Steven Guilbeault, a former Greenpeace staff member who represents a riding in Quebec, will be Canada’s new Minister of the Environment. He replaces Jonathan Wilkinson who will move to the natural resources portfolio.
Guilbeault’s appointment came just before the UN climate talks in Glasgow, Scotland. Trudeau is expected to attend the talks and Canada’s environmental record should be scrutinized.
Peter Donolo, political strategist at public relations firm Hill + Knowlton and director of communications for former Liberal Prime Minister Jean ChrÃ©tien, told Reuters news agency that Trudeau aimed to “position Canada as a winner in a greener global economy in the long run. â.
Trudeau consistently makes ambitious promises on climate change, but Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions have actually increased faster than any other G7 country since 2016, the first full year of his term, according to a June study. 2021 from the Canadian Center for Policy Alternatives.
Harjit Sajjan, a former Canadian military colonel who had served as defense minister since 2015, was removed from his post following a series of high-profile sexual misconduct scandals that rocked the upper echelons of the government. army. He will become Minister of International Development.
The new Defense Minister will be Anita Anand, who served as Minister of Utilities and Procurement during the pandemic and has been credited with securing the country’s vaccine supplies amid fierce competition.
MÃ©lanie Joly will become Canada’s new Minister of Foreign Affairs, replacing former astronaut Marc Garneau, who will no longer sit in Cabinet.
Joly will have to deal with Canada’s strained relationship with China, among other foreign policy challenges.
Trudeau has promised a gender-balanced cabinet, and Canadian prime ministers typically try to represent different regions of the world’s second-largest country at the cabinet table, narrowing his options for Tuesday’s announcement.
Marci Ien, a former television reporter who defeated former Green Party leader Annamie Paul for a seat in downtown Toronto, will become Minister for Women, Gender Equality and Youth.
Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Chrystia Freeland, a former journalist and Reuters author whom political analysts have viewed as a candidate to eventually replace Trudeau as prime minister, will retain her high-level posts.
Former Minister of Health Patty Hajdu will become the new Minister of Indigenous Services. The Liberal government is committed to improving the conditions of aboriginal peoples in Canada, where some communities do not have access to safe drinking water.
Ahmed Hussen, a longtime minister in various portfolios who first arrived in Canada as a refugee, will become Minister of Housing, Diversity and Inclusion. The affordability of homes has become a major issue in Canada, especially during the coronavirus pandemic, as young families struggle to buy their first home.
Canada’s new cabinet has 38 members, including the Prime Minister.