June 2021

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Edmonton Indian Hospital wanted for remains

“Our hearts were heavy,” said Andrea Jenkins and Lorelei Morin Mullings, explaining why they decided to take a stand last week at the former site of Charles Camsell Hospital in northwest Edmonton.

The two close friends spoke on June 25. It was a day after the news of the location of the remains in 751 unmarked graves on the grounds of the former Cowessess First Nation Residential School. That week alone, the Government of Alberta announced $ 8 million for work to locate burial sites on residential school grounds in the province.

The women had heard stories from their elders and others who had been to the hospital about graves dug on Camsell grounds when it served as an Indian hospital. They were told about bodies being burnt in the incinerator in the basement and they wanted people to know about it.

Jenkins, Métis / Dene from the Northwest Territories, and Mullings, from the Cree Nation of Enoch, therefore decided to make their voices heard and raise awareness by standing on the site, which is currently set up for residences. multi-family.

Their occupation was only supposed to last on the evening of June 25, but when 18 or 19 people joined them on the first day, it then grew to 35 people, including the Grand Chief of Treaty 8 Arthur Noskey, who stopped by days later with food and water, Mullings said they decided to extend their evenings until July 1.

Mullings says she will be celebrating Canada Day with an orange shirt on the Camsell site.

Jenkins and Mullings want people to know the sordid history of the Camsell.

“It’s just mind-blowing to me that so many people to this day have no idea what happened there,” Jenkins said.

The site in the Inglewood district first housed a Jesuit college before being leased to the US military. Soon after, the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corp took it over as a military hospital for veterans.

It became the Indian Hospital in 1945 and operated as such until 1979. It served primarily as a tuberculosis sanatorium, bringing in indigenous patients from the western provinces, the western arctic and the subarctic.

In Dr Samir Shaheen-Hussain’s A Hand to Hold, Shaheen-Hussain recounts incidents and treatments that allegedly occurred at Camsell: the children’s legs were cast to force them to stay in their beds; new anti-tuberculosis treatments have been tested in patients; children have been sexually abused and assaulted by staff; there were suspicions that indigenous peoples were experienced with medical procedures and treatment; and there was the forced sterilization of women.

In her book, Separate Beds: A History of Indian Hospitals in Canada, 1920s-1980s, Maureen Lux writes that the hospital’s dormitory-style rooms allowed cross-infection and that the University hospital and medical school from Alberta used Camsell patients as subjects. for studies. The patients were not in a social position to formally question their medical treatment.

“I know there are spirits out there. I know they want to be free, ”Mullings said. “We all feel it. ”

All of this, Jenkins and Mullings say, is why the Camsell site should be left alone. The two women signed an online petition calling for “Stop the redevelopment of Charles Camsell Hospital”.

The petition says, in part, “Charles Camsell Hospital is the site of numerous human rights violations against indigenous peoples (sic). These violations include human experimental tests on Indigenous peoples, links to residential schools, forced sterilization of Indigenous peoples, as well as the site of thousands of cases of abuse against Indigenous peoples (sic).

As of the morning of June 30, the petition, online for seven months, had 394 signatures.

Petitioner Trinity Brandon-Demeuse calls for the hospital to become a place of remembrance.

Gene Dub, architect and developer of the site, says he is not aware of the petition. He also says that since work has already started on the old hospital to turn it into condominiums, it would be dangerous for a half-built building to remain standing.

Last week, Dub hired staff to perform Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) scans of the southeastern portion of the Camsell site where no excavation work took place. The methodology for the analysis went through Dr. Kisha Supernant, director of the Institute of Grassland and Native Archeology at the University of Alberta, Dub said, and he anticipates the results later this week or so. in the middle of next week.

The scans fit well in the development of the project, which involves the conversion of the hospital into housing; 20 townhouses built to the north of the hospital and an elderly project to the south. The land to the west has been zoned for an apartment, but there are currently no plans to build this apartment.

A group of developers, of which Dub remains the original only member, purchased the land in the province in 2004.

“At that time, there was not as much interest or concern for burial sites. I think now we’re sort of shocked to find that we should investigate this matter more seriously, ”Dub said.

The decision to undertake the PRG was based both on the discovery of the remains of 215 children at the old Kamloops residential school and on the concerns expressed by Calvin Bruneau, Chief of the Papaschase Band in Edmonton.

According to Bruneau, Dub says, because there is no existing building at the southeast corner of the site that could be a burial site.

In 2016, Dub says they worked with the town archivist, who told him there was no evidence of a burial at the Camsell site.



“We rely on his opinion, but when we heard about Kamloops we thought maybe we should look beyond that opinion,” Dub said.

The southeast portion of the Camsell site is slated for a subdivision of eight single family homes and a one acre park. The park is to include “some kind of commemorative identification of people who thought the Charles Camsell had an influence in their lives,” Dub said.

“Certainly, if something was found in the way of burying, we certainly wouldn’t be building single-family homes there. We might be turning that into some kind of commemorative area…. If the various indigenous groups that might have been involved wanted to explore it further, they could dig to see if there are indeed any bones there, but we wouldn’t do anything if we found any bones, ”Dub said.

If this is a burial site, Dub does not know who would own the land then. He expects to lose the money he spent buying this package, but “that’s certainly not the biggest problem, I think.”

Dub says a five-inch bone fragment believed to have been found at the site was brought to his office about a month ago. He says it was not clear whether it was animal or human bone and whether it was old or new. He was turned over to the Edmonton Police Department for a forensic investigation. Dub says he has yet to get a response from the police

The final report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, released in 2015, included an entire volume on “Missing Children and Anonymous Graves”. He says the deceased Protestant patients at Charles Camsell, whose families could not afford to have the bodies shipped to their communities, were buried in the cemetery on the grounds of the Edmonton residential school.

Research undertaken by Travis Gladue-Beauregard, whose great-grandfather died at Charles Camsell in the late 1960s, also shows that burials took place in Winterburn Cemetery on Enoch Cree Nation.

Maxime Beauregard was Chief of the Cree Nation of Bigstone from 1947 to 1962. Gladue-Beauregard says he always wondered why his great-grandfather was not buried in the nation.

When he started asking questions a few years ago, he found out that Maxime had passed away at Camsell.

“That was back then, the way the government was, the way Indian Affairs was, they didn’t have a lot of roads (or) infrastructure to get the bodies home and I know that affected my family…. No one from the family, from what I understood, was actually there (when he was buried) or anyone from the nation, so I don’t even know if he even had a Christian burial or a traditional burial. I don’t know, ”Gladue-Beauregard said.

He hopes the GPR scan will be done at Winterburn Cemetery so his great-grandfather’s remains can be located.

“I think for a lot of families who haven’t brought their loved ones home, the idea is that we would just like to see some kind of recognition and also really try to put an end to it. For me and for my family, for my family’s legacy, we want to have something to go towards, ”said Gladue-Beauregard.

While Maxime’s remains can be identified, Gladue-Beauregard is uncertain whether attempts will be made to repatriate them to the Cree Nation of Bigstone.

Gladue-Beauregard is pleased that digitization work has been undertaken on the Charles Camsell site and expects work to be done on the other two sites connected to Camsell.

The fact that it took the discovery in Kamloops to get the ball rolling is “a little disheartening,” he said, but added, “These are the little stepping stones. But hey, to get there, I’m glad it’s happening now instead of 100 years from now. But should the government have listened at the time? Absolutely.”

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Eugene YMCA’s new facility to receive $ 15 million from Oregon Legislature

The Eugene Family YMCA will receive $ 15 million in state funding for a new facility, after the economic impacts of COVID-19 blocked the sale of bonds for projects in 2020.

Brian Steffen, CEO of Eugene Family YMCA, said it was the highest amount ever awarded in the organization’s 134-year history and that it would be a crucial step towards the completion of funding for a new YMCA building.

“This was pivotal funding for the new Y, and once again we are touched and grateful for the trust and support of lawmakers,” said Steffen. “From there, we’re focusing on the last major giveaways for the new Y, and we think we can clear them up by the end of the summer.”

Steffen declined to say how close the YMCA has come to its goal of $ 42 million for the project, and added that he believes he will be able to share the amount by the end of August or in early September when the organization will know if it will receive a significant amount. federal funding from new market tax credits.

The YMCA announced several important donations made by the community, including:

  • $ 4 million, April: YMCA donors helped raise $ 4 million by raising $ 1 million for the John E. and Robin Jaqua Fund of the Oregon Community Foundation.
  • $ 650,000, March: Includes donations from four different donors: $ 350,000 last winter from the MJ Murdock Charitable Trust; $ 100,000 from Herb Merker and Marcy Hammock; $ 50,000 from Joe Karcher and his wife, Cathleen; and an anonymous donation of $ 150,000.
  • $ 1.5 million, June: Gift of the Chambers Family Foundation.
  • $ 4 million, January 2020: Gift from Bill and Michelle Service.
  • $ 1 million, December 2019: YMCA donors raised $ 50,000 through a matching grant from local philanthropist Betty Soreng, who donated $ 50,000.

In 2019, state lawmakers authorized $ 15 million in funding for the Eugene Family YMCA as part of lottery bonds for 37 projects in the state.

However, because COVID-19 and the associated economic decline blocked the sale of the bonds in 2020, the 2021 legislative session re-examined each of the projects.

Related:Eugene Family YMCA makes summer programs for kids free

The $ 15 million funding, designated in Senate Bill 5534, was passed by the Legislature on Saturday, as part of a package of $ 445.2 million for 55 projects. It is expected to be signed by Governor Kate Brown in early August.

“The economic downturn due to the pandemic has had a widespread impact, including delays in the development of the much-needed new facility for the Eugene Family YMCA,” Representative Nancy Nathanson, D-Eugene, said in a statement from hurry. “My colleagues and I took the first opportunity we could to re-authorize public funding for the Y. We recognize how vital this organization is to the well-being of our community, and our community needs the Y all the more. after COVID.

The new YMCA building is expected to have an area of ​​74,000 square feet at the corner of 24th Avenue and Hilyard Street.

“The current Y building at 2055 Patterson St. was designed to serve a 1950s population of 70,000,” the statement said. “He has served the community well for 66 years, but is now in a state of costly structural decline. “

Louis Krauss covers the latest news for The Register-Guard. Contact him at [email protected] or 541-521-2498, and follow him on Twitter @LouisKraussNews.

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Coronavirus: What’s Happening in Canada and Around the World on Wednesday

The last:

Ontario moved to the next step in its plan to reopen on Wednesday, just hours before health officials reported the lowest single-day case count the province has seen since September 10.

The province reported 14 additional deaths and 184 new cases of COVID-19 on Wednesday.

The update came a day after the province’s top doctor said he would prefer to wait 21 full days before further lifting the restrictions.

“The two to three week cycle is very important to maintain so that we open Ontario in stages, always moving forward and not having to back down,” said Dr. Kieran Moore on Tuesday.

Moore made the comments during his first pandemic briefing since officially taking over as Ontario’s chief medical officer of health.

Ontario has exceeded COVID-19 vaccination targets to enter the second phase of its plan to reopen, which will allow more outdoor activities and more indoor services like haircuts. resume Wednesday.

More than 77% of people had received at least one dose of the vaccine by Tuesday morning and 37% were fully immunized.

The province has set 21 days between each stage of its economic reopening to observe public health trends and allow vaccines to take full effect. He brought forward the second stage of the plan a few days based on vaccination rates and other positive trends from COVID-19.

Ontario also exceeded the target to enter the third stage of the reopening plan, which would further increase the capacity of indoor gatherings.

But Moore, like his predecessor Dr David Williams, argued on Tuesday that vaccination is not the only measure. He advised to proceed with caution with the spread of the more infectious delta variant.

Region of Waterloo not moving to step 2

People who have received a dose of the vaccine are less protected against this variant and this has contributed to local spikes in infection in the Gray Bruce and Waterloo region. Waterloo will not reopen with the rest of the province on Wednesday as it manages the increase in infections.

Moore said he is monitoring the impact of the variant locally and internationally and that reopening must be done with caution to avoid losing the progress made in fighting the virus so far.

“He’s a tough opponent. He’s aggressive. He wants to spread quickly,” he said of the variant.

“We have to be careful and we need 21 days to be able to understand the impact of openness on our communities.”

-Based on the latest update from The Canadian Press and CBC News at 10:20 a.m. ET

What’s happening across Canada

WATCH | Masks still matter as Canada faces a more transmissible delta variant, according to an expert:

Masks are our “last line of defense” against the highly transmissible delta variant of COVID-19 as Canada opens up, says pulmonologist Dr Samir Gupta. (Ben Nelms / CBC) 1:39

As early as Wednesday morning, Canada had reported 1,414,746 confirmed cases of COVID-19, of which 7,400 were considered active. A CBC News death tally stood at 26,274. More than 36.7 million doses of the COVID-19 vaccine have been administered across the country so far, according to the CBC vaccine tracker.

A total of five cases of COVID-19 were reported in Atlantic Canada on Tuesday, including:

No new cases of COVID-19 have been reported in Newfoundland and Labrador Tuesday.

In Quebec, health authorities have reported four additional deaths and 71 new cases of COVID-19.

In the Prairie provinces, Manitoba Tuesday reported no new deaths and 61 new cases of COVID-19. Saskatchewan, meanwhile, reported two more deaths and 52 more cases of COVID-19.

WATCH | Laina Tuckanow lost her mother and grandmother to COVID-19 and says for her, life will never be normal again:

While many Canadians celebrate a return to normalcy, for many the pain is still too great. Laina Tuckanow lost her mother and grandmother to COVID-19 and says for herself that life will never be normal again. 2:44

In Alberta, health officials on Tuesday reported four deaths and 61 new cases of COVID-19.

“Overall, our numbers are heading in the right direction,” Dr Deena Hinshaw said on Tuesday, before a wider reopening later this week.

“Cases, hospitalizations, ICU admissions and our positivity rate are the lowest since last summer, early fall.”

In the North, no new cases were reported in Nunavut or the Northwest Territories Tuesday, as 10 new cases and one additional death were reported in yukonese.

“We are in a new phase of this pandemic, one that we hoped not to see,” Chief Medical Officer of Health Dr Brendan Hanley said in a statement on Tuesday. “But we are here and we will continue to work together to contain this tide.”

British Columbia will move to step 3 of its pandemic reopening plan on Thursday, lifting the provincial mandate of the mask and the government’s declaration of a state of emergency. The news came as British Columbia reported 29 new cases and no new deaths on Tuesday.

-From CBC News and The Canadian Press, last updated 10:20 am ET

What is happening in the world

A street is seen in Brisbane’s central business district on Wednesday as the city goes silent after a lockdown. Australia is battling outbreaks of the highly contagious delta variant of the coronavirus. (Patrick Hamilton / AFP / Getty Images)

As of Wednesday morning, more than 181.8 million cases of COVID-19 had been reported worldwide, according to data released by Johns Hopkins University in the United States. The death toll worldwide was over 3.9 million.

In the Asia Pacific region, Australian authorities on Wednesday extended lockdown and physical distancing measures to more of the country, with four major cities already under strict lockdown in a race to contain an outbreak of the highly contagious variant of the delta coronavirus.

Bangladesh is deploying army troops from Thursday to enforce a strict lockdown amid a record spike in coronavirus cases caused by the delta variant first detected in India, the government said on Wednesday.

“No one will be allowed out except in an emergency during this time,” the government said in a statement, warning that army troops alongside law enforcement would be deployed to enforce the lockdown.

In the AmericasDr Rochelle Walensky, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said the CDC is leaving it up to local authorities to establish guidelines for wearing the mask as the highly contagious delta variant of the coronavirus increases in areas with low vaccination rate.

Walensky said Wednesday on NBC Today show that “we’ve always said that local decision-makers should make policies for their local environment,” but added that CDC guidelines broadly say that those who are vaccinated do not need to wear masks.

Los Angeles County health officials recommend that people wear masks indoors in public places, regardless of their immunization status. Separately, the World Health Organization reiterated its long-standing recommendation that everyone wear masks to reduce the spread of the coronavirus.

In Africa, the Tunisian government extended the hours of nighttime curfew on Tuesday in a bid to stop the rapid spread of COVID-19, as the North African country hit a daily record of cases since the start of the pandemic Last year.

Zimbabwean President Emmerson Mnangagwa on Tuesday imposed a dusk-dawn curfew, banned intercity travel and reduced hours of operation with immediate effect in response to the increase in coronavirus infections.

Roofing Rolling Mills workers fill oxygen tanks which will be distributed free of charge to various hospitals in Uganda at their factory in Namanve, Wakiso, Uganda on Tuesday. The factory is filling 350 to 400 oxygen tanks daily, following an increase in COVID-19 cases in the country and lack of oxygen in various hospitals. (Badru Katamba / AFP / Getty Images)

In Europe, Greece will allow people fully vaccinated against the coronavirus inside restaurants without masks, the government said, as part of measures to increase vaccination rates.

Russia will not be able to immunize 60% of its population by fall as planned due to weak demand for vaccines, the Kremlin said, after the country recorded its highest number of daily deaths from the virus.

In the Middle East, Oman has said it is expanding its vaccination campaign to anyone over 18 as it speeds up what has been the slowest rollout in the Gulf.

-From Reuters, last update 8:10 am ET

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Guess & Co. Corporation Appoints Retired Senior FBI Agent

OSAGE BEACH, Mississippi, June 30, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) – Guess & Co. Corporation is pleased to announce that Kevin J. Kline has been appointed Special Advisor for Compliance and Risk Management. Kevin J. Kline is a shareholder and special advisor to Guess & Co. Corporation. Mr. Kline retired from the Federal Bureau of Investigation as a deputy special agent in charge of the New Haven, Connecticut division. He managed more than 175 employees in this field office and oversaw the division’s national security, intelligence and administration programs. Prior to overseeing the FBI office in New Haven, Mr. Kline was an inspector at FBI Headquarters in Washington, DC, where he was responsible for conducting compliance audits of FBI field offices and working closely with the Director of the FBI. FBI. While at FBI Headquarters, he created and implemented a new method for evaluating the performance of FBI executives. Prior to working at Headquarters, Mr. Kline was the on-scene commander in Afghanistan for the Counter-Terrorism Division of the FBI. Prior to his international assignment, Mr. Kline was Deputy Special Agent in charge of the Boston, Massachusetts Division. While overseeing the Boston division, Mr. Kline managed over 225 employees and established joint task forces for terrorism investigations. He also led the team to locate, apprehend and secure the conviction of an organized crime fugitive in Boston. As a special supervisory agent for the Newark Division in New Jersey, Mr. Kline led the investigation into the 9/11 attacks in New Jersey and United Airlines Flight 93. Mr. Kline graduated from Magna with a Bachelor of Arts in History and Education. Cum Laude from Canisius College. He holds a Juris Doctor from the Albany Law School of Union University. Mr. Kline works closely with members of the management team and our Board of Directors to ensure effective compliance and risk management for Guess & Co. Corporation. In addition to Guess & Co. Corporation, Mr. Kline is COO of The Aggeris Group, LLC, an investigation and security company. “We are delighted to have Mr. Kline as a trusted advisor to the management and board of directors of our company. His many years of experience as a Senior Federal Law Enforcement Officer are essential to our compliance and risk management programs, ”said Jerry D. Guess, President and CEO of Guess & Co. Corporation.

About Guess & Co. Corporation

Guess & Co. Corporation is a diversified energy, healthcare, technology and real estate company focused on revitalizing and serving rural America. Our company is positioned to become the undisputed market leader in rural energy, rural health care, rural technology and rural real estate. As a company based in the Midwest, we are at the heart of rural America. Guess & Co. Corporation is also a registered contractor with the US government to provide solutions to federal government agencies and members of our company have active top-secret / SCI authorizations. We are based in Osage Beach, Missouri. Our company operates in Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska and North Carolina. Guess & Co. Corporation was founded in August 2017. The management team of Guess & Co. Corporation has over 50 years of combined experience.

A photo accompanying this announcement is available at


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Tiger Global leads $ 31.5 million investment in interactive edtech quiz

Quizizz, an Indian startup that makes learning more interactive so that students find it interesting to spend more hours studying, said on Wednesday it had raised $ 31.5 million in a new round funding.

Tiger Global led the five-and-a-half-year-old startup’s Series B round. Yahoo co-founder Jerry Yang and existing investors Eight Roads Ventures, GSV Ventures, Nexus Venture Partners also participated in the new round.

Quizizz, which concluded its previous funding round in March of this year, has raised $ 47 million to date. The new round puts it at around $ 300 million, I heard earlier this month.

“When we were kids it was so hard to focus on studying. Our thesis is that with children now living in a world with so many distractions, there is a need to make learning more interesting, ”said Ankit Gupta, co-founder and CEO of Quizizz, in an interview with TechCrunch.

With Deepak Cheenath, the other co-founder of Quizizz, Gupta began the startup’s journey at a non-profit school in Bangalore, where they built several prototypes. That same year – 2015 – the duo engaged closely with teachers and students in the United States and turned to Quizizz, Gupta said.

On Quizizz, teachers and the community develop gamified courses for students. (Teachers don’t have to build these lessons. For concepts they want to explain to students, if lessons exist, many use them instead. The platform now offers over 20 million quizzes. )

These lessons made the learning more engaging for students, Gupta said. The platform also allows teachers to identify in real time which students are struggling to grasp a concept and then fill those gaps, he said.

The platform covers a range of topics including IT, English, Math, Science, Social Studies, World Languages, and the Creative Arts.

Over the years, Quizizz has grown organically across the world and many classrooms are now using the platform, Gupta said. The platform is now used by teachers in more than 120 countries, with students answering more than 300 million questions on Quizizz every week. In the United States, which is currently Quizizz’s largest market, more than 80% of K-12 schools use the platform, he said.

“During the pandemic, Quizziz made the transition to online education seamlessly. Now that we’re back in the building, I’ve used it almost exclusively. Creating, finding and modifying courses using Quizizz has become almost a hobby for me, ”said Rory Roberts, math professor at Brigantine Community School, in a prepared statement.

“This week, we ran user tests with teachers in California, saw a video of students cheering on their classmates in an auditorium in Kenya, and received a thank you note from a group of teachers wearing t – Quizizz brand shirts in Indonesia. We are incredibly proud of the role our growing team and community of teachers have played in this movement, ”said Cheenath of Quizizz.

The startup plans to deploy new capital to expand its team in the United States and India to keep up with its growth. It is also seeking to forge partnerships to accelerate its international expansion.

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Nevada pageant winner to become 1st transgender contestant for Miss USA

Kataluna Enriquez, who was crowned Miss Nevada USA on Sunday, will become the first openly transgender woman to enter the Miss USA pageant.

With a platform focused on transgender awareness and mental health, Enriquez, 27, beat 21 other contestants at the South Point Hotel Casino in Las Vegas.

“I haven’t had the easiest trip in life,” she said, according to KVVU-TV. “I have fought against physical and sexual abuse. I have had mental health issues. I haven’t grown much. I had no support. But I’m still able to thrive, and I’m still able to survive and be a trailblazer for many.

After his victory, Enriquez thanked the LGBTQ community on Instagram, writing: “My victory is our victory. We just made history. Good pride.

The Miss Nevada USA organization congratulated Enriquez for his historic victory on social media and shared the hashtag #bevisible.

In March, Enriquez, who had previously entered trans-specific contests, became the first transgender woman to be crowned Miss Silver State USA, the main preliminary for Miss Nevada USA.

During the question-and-answer segment of the contest, Enriquez said that being true to herself is a hurdle she faces on a daily basis.

“Today, I am a proud transgender woman of color. Personally, I have learned that my differences don’t make me less than, it makes me more than, ”she said. Las Vegas Review reported. “I know my uniqueness will take me to all of my destinations and all that I have to go through in life.”

Kataluna Enrique attends the 2nd annual TransNation Festival in Los Angeles on October 21, 2017.Single File Nicole / Getty Images

Enriquez, who is Filipino American, designs her own outfits, including a rainbow sequin dress she wore Sunday night in honor of “Pride Month” and anyone unlucky to ‘flaunt their colors, “she posted. on Instagram.

“The pageantry is so expensive, and I wanted to compete and be able to grow and develop skills and create dresses for myself and for others,” Enriquez said, according to the Journal.

She will represent Nevada at the 2021 Miss USA Pageant, which will be held on November 29 at the Paradise Cove Theater at the River Spirit Casino Resort in Tulsa, Oklahoma.

The Miss Universe pageant system, of which Los Angeles-based Miss USA is a part, began allowing transgender participants in 2012. If she is crowned Miss USA, Enriquez will be the second trans contestant in a Miss Universe pageant, after the Spanish Angela Ponce in 2018..

Miss America, a separate organization headquartered in New Jersey, did not immediately respond to a survey on whether transgender women or non-binary people are allowed to enter its annual competition. In 2018, the competition was only open to “women born naturally”, according to the lawyer.

In February, a federal judge defended the right another organization, Nevada-based Miss United States of America, to ban transgender applicants from its pageant.

To pursue NBC output at Twitter, Facebook & Instagram

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Nutrition researchers saw malnourished children in residential schools as perfect test subjects – Philippine Canadian Inquirer

Two girls lay in bed in the dormitory of All Saints Indian Residential School in Lac La Ronge, Saskatchewan, in 1945. (Boorne & May. Library and Archives Canada, e010962312), CC BY

The discovery of hundreds of children’s remains in Kamloops, Brandon and Cowessess revealed the absolute devastation that settlers inflicted on Indigenous children, families and communities through the residential school system.

Read more: Amid more shocking residential school findings, non-Indigenous people must act

As a nutrition researcher and Canadian settler, I ask my peers to recognize and understand the damage malnutrition and nutritional experiences have on Indigenous peoples and the legacy they have left.

Easier to assimilate

Ian Mosby, historian of food, Indigenous health and the politics of Canadian colonialism, discovered that between 1942 and 1952, Canada’s foremost nutrition scientists carried out highly unethical research on 1 300 Aboriginal people, including 1,000 children, in Cree communities in northern Manitoba and at six residential schools across Canada.

Many were already suffering from malnutrition due to destructive government policies and dire conditions in residential schools.

In the eyes of researchers, this made them ideal test subjects.

Black and white photo: nurse takes blood sample from baby boy
A nurse takes a blood sample from a boy at the Indian Residential School in Port Alberni, British Columbia, during a medical and dental investigation conducted by the Department of National Health and Welfare in 1948 (F. Royal. Canada. National Film Board of Canada. Photo Library, Library and Archives Canada, e002504649), CC BY

Frederick Tisdall – famous for being the co-creator of Pablum infant food at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto – along with Percy Moore and Lionel Bradley Pett were the primary architects of the nutritional experiments.

They proposed that education and dietary interventions would make Indigenous people more profitable for Canada, that if Indigenous people were healthier, the transmission of diseases like tuberculosis to whites would decrease and assimilation would be easier.

They successfully presented their plan of nutrition experiments to the federal government.

Tisdall, Moore and their team based their case on results obtained after subjecting 400 Cree adults and children in northern Manitoba to a series of intrusive assessments, including physical exams, x-rays and blood tests.

Pett and his team’s pitch centered around determining a baseline. They wanted to give the children at Alberni Indian Residential School a small amount of milk for two years, enough to significantly deprive the growing children of the calories and nutrients they needed.

Other experiments involved withholding essential vitamins and minerals from children in control groups, while preventing Indian health services from providing dental care on the grounds that it could impact study results.

And even before these experiences, children in residential schools were hungry – with reports of severe malnutrition and signs of severe vitamin and mineral deficiencies.

Racial motives and foundations of nutritional experiments

Interest in nutrition research increased dramatically in the 1940s after the Canadian Council on Nutrition publicly stated that over 60 percent of the Canadian population suffered from nutritional deficiencies.

Until then, most of the experiments had been done on animals, but researchers like Pett, who was the primary author of what would become Canada’s Food Guide, took the opportunity to use Indigenous peoples as rats of laboratory.

While authors like Pett often operate under the facade of understanding and helping Indigenous peoples, the racial underpinnings of these nutritional experiences are clear.

Investigators sought to unravel the “Indian problem”. Moore, Tisdall and colleagues attributed to malnutrition discriminatory stereotypes such as “lack of speed, indolence, recklessness and inertia”.

AE Caldwell, director of the Alberni Indian Residential School, said malnutrition was caused by traditional diets and lifestyles, which he also called “indolent habits.” The nutritional experiences, along with the deeply inadequate and shoddy foods given to children in residential schools, aligned perfectly with Caldwell’s assimilation mandate.

Denying virtually all children access to adequate traditional foods is another means of colonization and cultural genocide.

Nurse watches boys spit into test tubes
A nurse from the Department of National Health and Welfare supervised the collection of saliva samples from boys at the Indian Residential School in Port Alberni, British Columbia, in 1948. (F. Royal. Canada. National Film Board of Canada. Photo library. Library and Archives Canada, e002504650), CC BY

According to Mosby’s findings, Pett said he aimed to better understand the “inevitable” transition away from country foods, but residential schools were deliberately designed to bring about this.

Their research is unethical by contemporary standards, and it’s hard to believe that it was ever okay to experiment on anyone, let alone children, without consent.

The aftermath of the Holocaust and biomedical experiments in concentration camps led to the development of the Nuremberg Code in 1947, which states that voluntary consent to research is absolutely essential and that experiments must avoid mental suffering and unnecessary physics.

The code came out the same year Pett embarked on his nutritional experiments at six residential schools.

Consequences of malnutrition and experimentation

Childhood malnutrition can be fatal, especially when combined with the risk of disease, which was often the case in residential schools.

The final report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission indicates that the leading causes of death among children in residential schools were physical injury, malnutrition, disease and neglect.

For residential school survivors, malnutrition has lasting effects. Starvation in childhood increases the risk of chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes, and research indicates that severe malnutrition can even cause epigenetic changes that can be passed down from generation to generation.

Experimenting with children already in pain was immoral.

Food insecurity and nutrition issues in Indigenous communities are major issues in Canada, resulting from residential schools and colonial policies that continue to this day.

Experiences in residential schools and in communities have made health care settings precarious and traumatic places for many Indigenous peoples and led to some reluctance to be vaccinated during the COVID-19 pandemic. At the same time, stigma, violence and racism against Indigenous peoples in these contexts persist.

This particular story of experiences of malnutrition and nutrition on indigenous children and adults has already been told. It gained the attention of the mainstream media in 2013 after Mosby’s research and advocacy.

And this is no surprise to indigenous peoples, whose truths we must finally listen to deeply.

If you are a residential school survivor or have been affected by the residential school system and need assistance, you can contact the 24 hour residential school crisis line: 1-866-925-4419

Allison Daniel, PhD Candidate, Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

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International headquarters

Hydroponics giant Hydrofarm plans new headquarters in Northern California

Becoming a publicly traded company, temporarily moving its headquarters from Petaluma to the east coast, spending $ 343 million to acquire three more companies, preparing to move back to a larger North Bay hub. It’s been a busy seven months for indoor grow equipment manufacturer and distributor Hydrofarm.

On December 14, nearly 10 million shares of Hydrofarm Holding Group began trading on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “HYFM”, raising proceeds of $ 182.3 million, according to the annual report of the March, 31st. The company made a follow-up offer of 5.5 million shares that ended on May 3, bringing in an additional $ 309.8 million.

After peaking at $ 92 in mid-February, the stock price was $ 56.96 at the close of trading on Friday.

Then, earlier this year, Hydrofarm moved its corporate headquarters to its distribution center in the Philadelphia area. It is one of nine totaling 900,000 square feet that the 4-year-old company operates in the United States, Canada and Spain. Hydrofarm also has offices in China.

This happened because Hydrofarm was preparing a larger location elsewhere in North Bay, which it had been looking for for a few years.

Hydrofarm had planned to move its corporate headquarters from Petaluma to the 250,000 square foot Victory Station warehouse in South Sonoma, but that deal failed to materialize amid the rapidly cooling demand for real estate from the new industry. legal cannabis, according to real estate sources.

Hydrofarm could not be reached for comment on its plans for North Bay.

As cannabis became a key driver of demand for environmentally controlled agricultural products, Hydrofarm made its debut in Marin County during the catastrophic drought of 1977-1978, the Business Journal reported in 2010. Founder Stuart Dvorin has developed a water-efficient hydroponics crop that has gained traction among gardeners.

The product line has expanded to include energy efficient grow lights and germination kits. Then, Hydrofarm embarked on the manufacture and distribution of indoor gardening equipment for professional growers and hobbyists.

Today, the key markets are producers of cannabis, flowers, fruits, plants, vegetables, grains and herbs. The portfolio now includes 26 exclusive brands developed in-house with around 900 product variants under 24 patents and 60 registered trademarks. The company also owns more than 40 exclusive and preferred brands totaling 900 other storage units.

The company’s brands represent around 60% of sales. The total catalog, which contains products from more than 400 suppliers, includes more than 6,000 references.

“Our revenue mix continues to shift towards exclusive brands as we continue to innovate, improving overall margins,” says the annual report. “In addition, our revenue stream is very consistent as, according to our estimate, we believe that approximately two-thirds of our net sales are generated from the sale of recurring consumables, including growing media, nutrients and supplies. . “

Last year’s net sales were $ 342.2 million, up 45.6% from 2019. The company speculated in its annual report that public health home shelter orders in the event of a coronavirus pandemic have contributed to this increase in sales. The net income of the previous year only increased by 11.0% compared to 2018.

First quarter net sales were $ 111.4 million, up 66.5% from the previous year. The company attributed this to a 59.6% increase in the volume of products sold plus a 6.9% increase in the price and mix of these products.

As a sign of its commitment to stay in North Bay, Hydrofarm was awarded a lease earlier this year for a new 175,000 square foot distribution warehouse at 2225 Huntington Drive in Fairfield. Meanwhile, Hydrofarm founder Stuart Dvorin was preparing to sell the 110,000 square foot Petaluma main facility at 2249 S. McDowell Blvd. Extension, a $ 17.5 million deal struck on June 7.

“We also intend to move our existing distribution operations in Northern California from the existing Petaluma building to a larger distribution center nearby,” the company wrote in its annual report.

Started in Marin County in 1977 under the name Applied Hydroponics, Hydrofarm moved its headquarters to Petaluma in 1994, employing 65 people at the time. It gradually expanded to 150,000 square feet with a workforce of over 150 employees in 2010 and then to 195,000 square feet in the city in 2017. The company employed 327 full-time at all sites at the end of February. , he reported.

In 2017, Hydrofarm made a big expansion in Canada with the acquisition of the wholesale of Eddi and Greenstar Plant Products. The deal helped Hydrofarm become one of the leading suppliers of hydroponic equipment in Canada, the company said.

This year, Hydrofarm acquired three other companies. Los Angeles-area high-end nutrient maker Heavy 16 was bought for $ 78.1 million, and Humboldt County’s House & Garden brand portfolio for $ 125 million. A $ 161 million deal was announced this month for Aurora International Inc. and Gotham Properties LLC, manufacturers and suppliers of organic hydroponic products based in Oregon.

“We see mergers and acquisitions as an important driver of potential growth, as the hydroponics industry is fragmented and ready to be consolidated,” Hydrofarm wrote in its annual report.

Hydrofarm has also fertilized its C suite with insight over the past two years. In early 2019, Bill Toler arrived as CEO, bringing with him over 3 decades of senior executive experience at large consumer packaged goods companies, most recently including seven years as CEO and Chairman of Hostess. Brands. B. John Lindeman arrived as CFO in March 2020 with 25 years of experience in agriculture and finance.

Jeff Quackenbush covers wine, construction and real estate. Prior to Business Journal, he wrote for Bay City News Service in San Francisco. He graduated from Walla Walla University. Contact him at [email protected] or 707-521-4256.

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Non profit living

Stimulus Check Live Fourth Update: Can It Be Approved In June? Tax Refund, $ 3,600 Child Tax Credit Portal …


Biden reflects on his comments on additional infrastructure spending

– The California legislature prepares to pass the $ 262.2 billion spending plan

– Bipartite bill on infrastructure approved and inclusion of a fourth dunning check (all the details)

– State unemployment data shows signs of a slow recovery in some states

Some non-profit organizations keep pushing for additional stimulus control (full details)

– More than half of the states are end federal unemployment benefits (full story)

Kentucky offers $ 1,500 back-to-work bonus

– Judge orders Indiana to continue paying unemployment benefits amid pandemic, including $ 300 Weekly UI Booster (full story)

Texas workers sue state to continue additional weekly unemployment benefit of $ 300 (full details)

White House answers questions about labor shortages caused by generous federal unemployment benefits (full story)

Fourth dunning check linked to lower retail spending (full story)

IRS threw: Child Tax Credit Update Portal and Child Tax Credit Eligibility Assistant

– The petition for recurring stimulus checks goes beyond 2.4 million signatures. Sign it here

– The IRS has confirmed that the Child tax credit payments will start July 15 (full story)

$ 10 billion fund for homeowner stimulus checks (how to apply)

– Many American taxpayers are still waiting for their tax refund (full story)

Louisiana announces it will end $ 300 unemployment compensation recall end of July, becoming the first state ruled by Democrats

Twenty-six US states, almost all led by the GOP, are early termination of supplementary unemployment insurance (full story)

– You can follow your third raise check using the IRS online Get my payment tool

Read some of our related press articles:

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International headquarters

With the closure of the Hong Kong Apple Daily, the media question the scope of the security law | Voice of America

BANGKOK – With the demise of Hong Kong’s last pro-democracy newspaper, questions remain about the future of press freedom in the city.

Apple DailyThe editor of said that with founder Jimmy Lai in prison, five executives arrested under the National Security Act and his financial assets frozen, it was impossible to continue.

The shutdown was greeted with international condemnation, especially from US President Joe Biden, who said Thursday: “Beijing must stop targeting the independent press.”

But as the final million-copy edition sold out, media analysts said the loss of Hong Kong’s last pro-democracy newspaper could impact the press scene and how journalists approach the report on certain issues.

Latest Edit: Hong Kong’s Apple Daily Ends With Million Copy Mintage

Pro-democracy newspaper prints final midnight edition after national security law case forced it into bankruptcy

On Sunday, the impact appeared to be spreading, with news website Stand News announcing that it would temporarily remove some comments and opinion pieces from its website.

Meanwhile, the South China Morning Post and online media New citizens reported that Apple Daily Columnist Fung Wai-kong, 57, was arrested Sunday evening at the airport on suspicion of foreign collusion aimed at endangering national security.

Hong Kong chief executive Carrie Lam said it was a journalist’s responsibility not to break national security law and denied that the Apple Daily affair was an attack on the media.

“What we are dealing with is neither a media problem nor a reporting problem. It is a suspicious act endangering national security,” Lam said in a briefing last week.

Hong Kong Managing Director Carrie Lam, right, speaks alongside Chief Secretary John Lee, center, and Police Commissioner Raymond Siu at a press conference in Hong Kong, June 25, 2021 .

EEric Wishart, co-organizer of the press freedom committee at the Hong Kong Foreign Correspondents’ Club and professor of journalism at the University of Hong Kong, said: “The big question is when do you cross that line? ?

“Can an opinion piece break the law?” [Can] is quoting someone outside of Hong Kong breaking the law? It’s a big demand for journalists, ”he told VOA.

Andrew Powner, managing partner of Haldanes, a Hong Kong law firm that represents international media, said the foreign press continued to report freely, including criticism of the Hong Kong and Chinese governments.

“It would appear that international media that only quote Western critics or lawyers calling for sanctions should not be breaking (National Security Law); provided that the content of the article does not attempt to induce others to commit offenses under (law), but falls within internationally accepted standards of balanced reporting, ”Powner said via email.

Until the first judicial interpretation of the security law is reached, the “red lines” will not be known in detail, Powner said. He added that the allegations and evidence that led to the Apple Daily the arrests of executives are not yet public.

The lawyer said press freedom is guaranteed by law and that the authorities said the arrests were an “exceptional case”.

An advisor to Apple DailyThe Hong Kong founder said the Hong Kong Security Bureau alleged the newspaper violated the law in 30 articles, but failed to notify editors what they were.

A spokesperson for the Hong Kong Security Bureau told VOA earlier this week that he would not comment on the ongoing legal proceedings, but that “endangering national security is a very serious crime.”

Two Hong Kong lawmakers told VOA the law is important. It was adopted in July last year in reaction to mass anti-government protests in 2019 that often turned violent.

Eunice Yung said there were no exemptions under the legislation, adding that the executives were rightly arrested. “They have to bear the legal consequences if they break the national security law,” she said.

A woman takes a photo from the latest edition of Apple Daily as people line up to buy the newspaper in Hong Kong.
A woman takes a photo from the latest edition of Apple Daily as people line up to buy the newspaper in Hong Kong on June 24, 2021.

Yung said the Apple Daily not about freedom of the press, but acknowledged that it was difficult to draw the line.

“If you are just criticizing the law or commenting on its strength, or what the law should include, or what should be exempted, I think that’s allowed and very reasonable,” she said. But “if you ask a foreign country to sanction Hong Kong officials, that’s another story.”

Lawmaker Holden Chow expressed a similar view, saying Hong Kong would continue to have freedoms “as long as they do not go beyond the law.”

Keith Richburg, professor of journalism at the University of Hong Kong, told VOA in May that it was “disturbing” that media critical of the government were targeted in the city, with “Apple Daily and News from the stand probably on the front line.

News from the stand was founded in 2014 and describes itself as a pro-democracy news site.

During the 2019 protests, several of its reporters were injured, including journalist-turned activist Gwyneth Ho. She was one of 47 people charged with subversion under the law in February.

Ronson Chan, the deputy editor of the website, told VOA last week: “After the close of Apple Daily, half of Hong Kong people say News from the stand will be the next target.

“I haven’t heard a very clear message that we may be searched or our staff will be arrested. From my understanding of the law and the police operation, I don’t think we have a problem with our reporting, “Chan said. He added that News from the stand ” editorial policy sticks to its “state of mind” and “principles”.

The news site made a similar comment on Sunday, when it announced via its website the temporary removal of comments, editorials, blogs and reader contributions. The website said news articles and videos would not be affected.

Staff members design their layout for the latest edition of the newspaper at Apple Daily headquarters in Hong Kong on June 23, 2021.
Staff members design the layout for the latest edition of Apple Daily at the newspaper’s headquarters in Hong Kong on June 23, 2021.

News from the stand said six of its board members have resigned and the website “continues to operate and its policy and editorial work remain unchanged.”

Chan told VOA on Sunday that the website was not under pressure from the government, saying, “All measures are taken by ourselves.”

Hong Kong’s only public broadcaster, Radio Television Hong Kong (RTHK), has also come under scrutiny in recent months, with its new broadcast manager cutting popular shows for alleged bias. Journalists were fired and Lam received his own television segment, a move criticized as propaganda by critics.

Wider impact

Mark Simon, Lai’s assistant at Next Digital – the parent company of Apple Daily – declared that the repression of the media would have a “lasting impact”.

“You can’t have political prisoners, you can’t shut down the media, you can’t grab private property and be an international financial center; that doesn’t happen, ”Simon told VOA last week.

Self-proclaimed “Global City of Asia”, Hong Kong has long had a reputation as a global financial hub.

But with scenes of protesters, tear gas and riot police during protests in 2019, that reputation has taken a hit. Add the National Security Law last year, and international companies are considering their options.

Political analyst Joseph Chen, formerly from Hong Kong and now in Australia, cited a recent investigation into how changes in the region were affecting the city’s international status.

When the Hong Kong American Chamber of Commerce, a leading trade organization, surveyed its members, 42% said they were considering leaving. Of the 300 members who responded, the most widely shared concern was about the National Security Act.

“Apparently, many multinational companies in Hong Kong are planning to scale down their operations and expand their operations to other cities in Asia, such as Singapore and Tokyo,” Chen said. “I think these trends will hurt Hong Kong’s economy for the foreseeable future.”

The security law has certainly affected Apple Daily. The newspaper sold out after 26 years, and two of the five executives were denied bail. A hearing is scheduled for August 13.

Some information for this report is from The Associated Press.

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